ODBC for UDB and PHP - How I increased performance by 400%

Aug 2, 2007 php sql
This post is more than 18 months old. Since technology changes too rapidly, this content may be out of date (but that's not always the case). Please remember to verify any technical or programming information with the current release.

In our current setup at (“the triangle”), we have to use odbc connections to access our db2-udb database - and I don’t like it. But we have to stick with it - and that’s the way life is. The main reason I don’t like it is the immense overhead and time it takes to execute queries. Well, I did some research and found out some interesting things. The most important of which was a cursor setting that allowed me to gain up to 400% performance. Find out how:

The dynamic scrollable cursor used to fetch data from the database in odbc is not supported by db2, so db2 downgrades the cursor to a dynamic keyset driven cursor. This is by default. Performance is gained by downgrading to a forward cursor only - which is faster than the scrollable cursor.

To test this, you can use the odbc_connect constant SQL_CUR_USE_ODBC as the 4th parameter of your connection (previously I wasn’t specifying a 4th param). This is the code I used to test it:

Remember, try the test once with the constant, and once without.

$dsn = 'DRIVER={iSeries Access ODBC Driver};SYSTEM=SYS1;';
$username = 'USERNAME';
$password = 'PASSWORD';
$sql = "select * from library.file fetch first 200 rows only";
$db = odbc_connect($dsn, $username, $password, SQL_CUR_USE_ODBC) or die(odbc_error());
$start = microtime(true);
$result = odbc_e xec($db, $sql);
while ($row = odbc_fetch_array($result)) {}
$stop = microtime(true);
print $stop - $start;

Of course, remember to swap out the proper credentials and make a legitimate sql call for testing.

If anyone has any reasons or pointers why this setting could be bad, let me know. Thanks!

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